This article poses a question that is often mentioned by teachers at all levels - teaching to prepare students for required testing. This is often a complaint by teachers that teaching for a test is boring and doesn't necessarily educate students, but prepares students to take tests well, which doesn't necessarily translate to problem solving in life.
The Students at Presbyterian Ladies College (PLC) in Sydney, Australia, are in a study that allows students to use cell phones, the internet, & even "call a friend" to help them with test questions. The teacher/researcher in charge of the study says that "purely memory-based assessment is increasingly irrelevant in the modern world." She believes that it's better to measure the student's ability to locate or find information and interpret the information than to just memorize it.
This is worth reading and I'm curious as to the findings for the study, but hope that there is some longitudinal follow-up on these students in 5-10 or even 15 years.